Heavens Light 12-09-07 The Savior – The PERSON of Jesus Christ – The Promised Messiah Part 3

 

The Savior – The Person of Jesus Christ

The Promised Messiah – Part 3

Isaiah 9:6

For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest

on His shoulders; And His name will be called

Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. NASB

 

Themes present in OT Messianic Prophecies

Before we look at the clear references of Jesus Christ the Savior in the Old Testament, let us consider that certain themes season these Messianic Prophecies in the Bible. These themes are present to show us the nature of true and acceptable worship to God.

·         Atonement for Sin/Sacrifice – Sin must be dealt with. OT types almost always stress the need for an “atoning sacrifice.” These show us the severe nature of sin and the desperate need we have to be reconciled to God (Example…Levitical Sacrificial system)

·         Substitution – There must be a replacement. Because of the consequences of sin, it becomes necessary for a replacement to be sacrificed “in the place of” the one who has sinned. Otherwise one would have to die and be separated from God. (Example…the scapegoat in Day of Atonement)

·         Faith Not Works – God’s Provision not man’s efforts. Even the Old Testament stresses God’s grace in providing the sacrifice needed for reconciliation. This is to show man’s utter inability to save himself and make himself right with God through works. (Example…Adam/Eve skins, or Abraham’s Moriah)

Therefore when we read the Old Testament narratives, let us open our eyes anew to see these Gospel themes and how God by His Holy Spirit has divinely placed them in the narrative to show us Christ the Savior! Consider the following examples…..

  

The Lord Shall Provide

In Genesis chapter 22 we read of the story of God testing Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son Isaac. Of course the background here is that Abraham’s wife Sarah was barren all her life until God came and promised them a son that Sarah would bear, and that he would be Abraham’s heir. This came after God had made a covenant with Abram and gave him a new name, Abraham, which means “father of many nations”, (Genesis 17:4-5).  

Genesis 22:1-2 – 22 Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 23 And He said, “Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah; and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.” NASB

Strange indeed that God would ask Abraham to sacrifice his son. Much could be said here as the story holds many treasures of Bible truth, but consider that in this brief chapter, Christ is foreseen in many ways. Notice here how Christ is pictured….

·         The Father is to make a costly sacrifice of His only son

·         The willing submission of the son

·         Isaac carries the wood for the sacrifice even as Christ carried His cross

·         The name given of the place “Moriah” by Abraham, “The Lord will provide” (Gen 22:14)

·         God does provide the sacrifice, “a ram in a thicket caught by his horns” thus showing God’s gracious provision. This foreshadows the truths of faith not works, and substitutionary atonement.

·         The place a mountain in the region of “Moriah” is the very place of Christ’s Crucifixion 2000 yrs later, also the mountain on which the Temple was later built and God was worshipped  by the Jews (2 Chron 3:1)

In other words, the story of Abraham’s test is a type or typical prophecy of Christ the Messiah who would become the sacrifice that the Lord provides. Consider the profound words of Derek Tidball… “Glimpses of Calvary can be seen repeatedly in Genesis 22…. A constellation of clues bursts from the story like the shower of lights that explodes skyward from a splendid firework! Here the father gives. The son surrenders. The Lord provides. The ram dies, and the people profit. Here for sure the cross is anticipated.”

 

The Lamb’s Blood

In Exodus Chapter 12 we read of the Lord’s Passover (Ex 12:11). On this day Israel was to prepare a lamb for a meal, an unblemished male roasted with fire, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, and the whole family is to eat the lamb. Here the death angel “passes over” those families who have the blood of the Lamb smeared over the doorpost of their home as he comes to slay the firstborn. This of course is the night before the Lord will lead His people out of the bondage of slavery to Pharaoh in Egypt. As they eat, the family is to eat it with their bags packed and ready to leave town. This becomes an annual celebration for Israel in the years to come as God commands them to reenact this Passover each year in remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt.

Exodus 12:11-14 – 11 ‘Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste —  it is the Lord’s Passover. 12 ‘For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments —  I am the Lord. 13 ‘And the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. 14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance. NASB

Of course the whole narrative of the Exodus reveals many attributes of God and portrays His gracious dealings with His people, but the Passover specifically points to Christ. Now here again we see in the narrative of the Old Testament Christ the Messiah pictured in a mysterious typical prophecy.” Consider here some of the ways Christ is pictured…..

·         A lamb is sacrificed and the blood is seen as a protection from God’s wrath in the plague of the firstborn. The destroying angel passes over all who have the blood applied.

·         The lamb is to be an “unblemished male.” This portrays the perfect righteousness of Christ the Messiah.

·         It is to be “roasted with fire, and eaten with bitter herbs and unleavened bread.” These portray the severe trial, bitter suffering and purity of Christ and His cross.

·         The whole family is to “eat the flesh” of the lamb and it is to be totally consumed. This portrays the union of the sacrificed Christ that He has with His people. Later Jesus says, “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him. (John 6:56).

·         Through this feast the people are set free from a life of slavery, bondage and bitter oppression and led into the desert to be led and shepherded by God Himself.

So here again we see Christ the Messiah portrayed through the storyline of events that happened some 1500 years before He lived. Astounding! This is affirmed by the Apostle Paul in the New Testament when he says in 1 Corinthians 5:7 that “Christ our Passover has been sacrificed.” It would be good to note that the whole Passover account portrays the faithfulness, compassion, justice, and power of God in many marvelous ways.

 

My God why have you forsaken Me?

In Psalm 22 we have an amazing text that foreshadows Christ’s crucifixion on the cross, even though the Psalm was penned by King David some 1000 years before Christ was born. The parallels between this Psalm 22 and the Cross are striking. In fact they are nothing less than supernatural!

 

                             Messianic Prophecies in Psalm 22

Description

OT Reference

NT Reference

The forsaken Christ

 Psalm 22:1

 Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34

Verbally abused by men

 Psalm 22:6-7

 Matthew 26:67-68, 27:27-31

Trust in God ridiculed

 Psalm 22:8

 Matthew 27:39-44, Mark 15:29-32, Luke 23:35, 39

Surrounded by enemies

 Psalm 22:12

 Matthew 27:27-31, Mark 15:16-20

Physically weakened

 Psalm 22:14-15

 Matthew 27:32, Mark 15:21, Luke 23:26

Thirsty

 Psalm 22:15

 John 19:28

Surrounded by enemies

 Psalm 22:16

 Matthew 27:39-44

Hands and feet pierced

 Psalm 22:16

 John 20:20, 25

Bones not broken

 Psalm 22:17

 John 19:31-36

Stared at by the people

 Psalm 22:17

 Matthew 27:55-56, Luke 23:35, 48-49, John 19:20

Lots cast for His clothing

 Psalm 22:18

 Matthew 27:35, Mark 15:24, Luke 23:34, John 19:23-24

God heard His prayers

 Psalm 22:21, 24

 Hebrews 5:7-8

 

It is apparent that this Psalm is a Messianic Prophecy, bright shining as the sun! One can hardly imagine how someone could see the fulfillment of these ancient cries of the Psalmist in the suffering of Christ and not be awed and amazed! More than this, it is the incarnate Son of God pictured here….a bleeding God…What wondrous love is this Oh my soul? How can words describe the profound nature of these events? Ineffable! Let us see here how both Old and New Testaments come together as a unified whole to point us to Christ!

Stricken, Smitten and Afflicted

In Isaiah chapter 53 we have a Messianic Prophecy which is unmatched for its clarity and detail about the suffering of Christ the Messiah. As the Ethiopian Eunuch was riding along and speaking to Phillip, reading from Isaiah 53, Phillip explained to him that he was reading about Jesus the Christ (Acts 8:26-39).

Acts 8:32-35 – 32 Now the passage of Scripture which he was reading was this: “He was led as a sheep to slaughter; And as a lamb before its shearer is silent, So He does not open His mouth. 33 In humiliation His judgment was taken away; Who shall relate His generation? For His life is removed from the earth.” 34 And the eunuch answered Philip and said, “Please tell me, of whom does the prophet say this? Of himself, or of someone else?” 35 And Philip opened his mouth, and beginning from this Scripture he preached Jesus to him. NASB

Not only does the text describe in detail the suffering of Christ the Messiah, but even explains the benefits of the atonement to us in great detail. This text was written some 700 years before Christ was born. Truly the description here provided of Christ and His suffering is astonishing!

 

                             Messianic Prophecies in Isaiah 53

Description

OT Reference

NT Reference

Who has believed our report?

 Isaiah 53:1

 John 12:37-38, Romans 10:16

Despised and rejected

 Isaiah 53:3

 Mark 9:12, Luke 17:25, John 1:10-11, 1 Peter 2:4

He has borne our infirmities

 Isaiah 53:4

 Matthew 8:16-17

Considered smitten by God

 Isaiah 53:4

 Galatians 3:13, Matthew 27:38-44, Luke 23:35

Wounded for our transgressions

 Isaiah 53:5

 Romans 4:25

We are healed by his stripes

 Isaiah 53:5

 1 Peter 2:24

Jesus was flogged

 Isaiah 53:5

 Mark 15:15, Luke 22:63-65, John 19:1

Silent before His accusers

 Isaiah 53:7

 Matthew 26:62-63, 27:12-14, Mark 14:60-61, 15:3-15, John 19:9, Acts 8:32-35

Christ died for our sins

 Isaiah 53:8

 1 Corinthians 15:3

Died with the wicked

 Isaiah 53:9

 Matthew 27:38, Mark 15:27-28, Luke 23:32-33

Buried with the rich

 Isaiah 53:9

 Matthew 27:57-60, Mark 15:43-46, Luke 23:50-53, John 19:38-42

Lived a sinless life

 Isaiah 53:9

 1 Peter 2:22

Jesus was an offering for sin

 Isaiah 53:10

 1 Corinthians 15:3, Hebrews 10:12-14

He would justify many

 Isaiah 53:11

 Acts 13:38-39, Romans 5:17-19

He will be great

 Isaiah 53:12

 Matthew 28:18, Luke 24:27

Numbered with transgressors

 Isaiah 53:12

 Matthew 27:38, Mark 15:27-28, Luke 23:32-33

Made intercession for sinners

 Isaiah 53:12

 Luke 23:34, 39-43, Romans 8:34

 

The accuracy of these prophecies are clear evidence of the supernatural revelation of God in the Bible! If you cannot see it, cry out to God for a new set of eyes, for surely yours are failing. Again let us see here how both Old and New Testaments come together as a unified whole to point us to Christ! The volume of the book is written of Him!

 

This teaching is a part of a 9 month series called “The Savior, The Cross, and The Gospel” ….

 

See the Outline here….. http://www.abqhcf.com/lessons/2007/handouts/dz/The_Savior_The_Cross_and_The_Gospel_Brochure.pdf

 

This teaching can be heard on audio here:

 

http://www.abqhcf.com/sermons/2007/discovery/09-23-2007_SundaySchool.mp3

 

 

 

If you would like to know how to know Jesus Christ and be ransomed from your sins and receive eternal life…..click here

 

http://www.gty.org/Resources/Articles/2425

 

 

If you have comments or questions, please do respond to shaan@heavenslight.org

 
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Shaan Sloan
Heritage Christian Fellowship – ABQ
505-3485092
The Lord is the Strength of My Life
 
 

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